Causes of HPV The virus that causes HPV infection is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact. Most people get genital HPV infection through direct sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Because HPV is a skin-to-skin infection, you don't need to have sex for transmission to occur. HPV infection is a viral infection that usually causes growths on the skin or mucous membranes (warts).
There are more than 100 varieties of human papillomavirus (HPV). Some types of HPV infection cause warts and others can cause different types of cancer. You can get HPV if you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex with a person who has the virus. It is most often transmitted during vaginal or anal intercourse.
It also spreads through close skin-to-skin contact during sexual intercourse. A person with HPV can transmit the infection to another person even if they have no signs or symptoms. HPV, or human papillomavirus, is a common virus that can cause cancer later in life. You can protect your child from these types of cancer with the HPV vaccine between the ages of 11 and 12.
It is the most common sexually transmitted infection. HPV is usually harmless and goes away on its own, but some types can cause cancer or genital warts. Genital HPV spreads through contact (contact) with the skin of a person who has an HPV infection. Contact includes vaginal, anal and oral sex.
Some types of HPV cause genital warts, which are hard, rough bumps that grow on the skin. Anyone who is sexually active can get HPV and genital warts. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of related viruses. They can cause warts on different parts of the body.
There are more than 200 types. About 40 of them are infected through direct sexual contact with someone who has the virus. They can also spread through other intimate skin-to-skin contact. Some of these types can cause cancer.
Vaccines can help protect against strains of HPV that are most likely to cause genital warts or cervical cancer. CDC recommends getting an HPV vaccine for all people up to age 26 who are not properly vaccinated. Research has found that HPV-infected cervical cells can take 10 to 20 years, or even longer, to develop into a cancerous tumor. Correct use of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of contracting or spreading HPV.
Women may find out that they have HPV when they get an abnormal Pap test result (during the screening of. However, some types of genital HPV can cause cancer in the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina (cervix). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends HPV vaccination to prevent new HPV infections and cancers and other HPV-associated diseases. There are no tests approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to detect HPV infections or cell changes caused by HPV in anal, vulvar, vaginal, penile or oropharyngeal tissues.
People who have HPV-related cancers usually receive the same types of treatment as people who have cancers that are not caused by HPV. Most sexually active adults have already been exposed to HPV, although not necessarily all types of HPV targeted by vaccination. However, some adults ages 27 to 45 who are not yet vaccinated may decide to get an HPV vaccine after talking with their healthcare provider about the risk of new HPV infections and the potential benefits of vaccination. Most people with HPV don't develop cancer, but infection can increase the risk, especially in people with weakened immune systems.
If a woman tests positive for high-risk types of HPV, her health care provider will perform Pap smears more often to look for any changes in the cells that may be precancerous or need treatment. Precancerous cell changes caused by persistent HPV infection in the cervix rarely cause symptoms, which is why regular screening for cervical cancer is important. HPV infection occurs when the virus enters the body, usually through a cut, abrasion, or a small tear in the skin. .